How to open a yarn business

Household products. Production and sale Crockery and textiles

Passion for needlework and, in particular, knitting is becoming increasingly popular in Russia. Accordingly, the demand for high-quality and diverse yarn for both hand and machine knitting is growing. In our country there are a large number of factories that produce products of various quality and price category.

The leaders are those enterprises that put quality control, the creation of new types of yarn, the expansion of the color gamut and the improvement of traditional types of products in the first place in their work, taking into account fashion trends.

The largest domestic producer of yarn is Semenovskaya yarn factory, which supplies its products not only to local but also to foreign markets (mainly Ukraine and the Baltic states). The factory is one of the main branches of the Moscow wool-spinning factory. This enterprise, which has existed since Soviet times, is one of the few that could not only survive in the competition with Western brands, but also gain a good reputation among consumers. The assortment of the Semenovskaya factory includes various types of yarn (the main specialization is in summer yarn).

In second place in terms of production is the Trinity Worsted Factory - another one of the oldest Russian enterprises for the production of yarn. She produces several types of combed ribbons and yarn for hand and machine knitting. The Pehor Textile Factory currently produces more than a hundred different types of yarn.

In addition to the classic, the factory’s assortment includes the so-called fancy yarn - “grass”, “boucle”, etc. This factory supplies part of its products abroad - to the UK, Canada, the USA and the Czech Republic. Another major producer is Kamteks LLC, whose assortment includes less than a hundred items of yarn that differ in composition and structure.

In total, about 200 medium and large enterprises are currently engaged in the production of yarn in Russia. The yarn market in our country is vast. In addition, it is one of the few segments where domestic products in the low and medium price categories are competitive and are in almost the same demand as imported ones due to the optimal combination of price and quality. At the same time, Russian factories are actively cooperating with colleagues from other countries, updating equipment and introducing new technologies.

The main competitors of domestic manufacturers are Chinese (for example, Shaoxing Xinhong Textile, Shenzhen Star Textiles, Zhejiang Tiansheng Holding Group, etc.), Italian (ALPES, E. Miroglio, Gruppo Lineapiu, etc.), as well as German companies ( Vita, Gedifra and several others).

The necessary equipment for a medium-sized production includes: tape machines, inclined cleaners, a drive, a binder, filters, winders, spinners, carding machines, circular knitting machines, nagging machines, etc. The production capacity of such an enterprise is about 30 tons products per month.

To place the equipment, production facilities, storage facilities, as well as an administrative building (total estimated area of ​​about 2500 sq. M.) Will be required. Sheep and camel wool, goat fluff, mohair, cotton, alpaca, flax, lavsan, acrylic, capron, viscose are used as raw materials for production.

The finished yarn goes through a dyeing process, for which high-quality dyes are used. Knitting threads are not divided into grades, but their appearance must comply with the requirements of scientific and technical documentation (NTD). Unacceptable defects in assessing the quality of the yarn are unpainted areas, knots of the second twist, corkscrew, different shades, as well as oil and contaminated threads.

Starting capital for the opening of such an enterprise is about 25-30 million rubles. When preparing a business plan, also consider the cost of paying wages to factory workers (20-25 employees, not including managers).

The selling price of the finished product ranges from 45, 000-50000 rubles per ton or more, depending on the type of yarn produced.

The monthly profit of the yarn factory at the very beginning of its operation will be about 750, 000 rubles (based on the initial production capacity of 50%), subject to high quality products and competitive prices. Moreover, in the first months of operation, monthly costs can exceed profits by 2-2.5 times, which should also be taken into account when forecasting the development of the company.

Carefully consider the range of products. Yarn is a seasonal product that is most in demand in the autumn-winter period. Most manufacturers try to produce two types of yarn - winter (wool, polyester, acrylic) and summer (mainly viscose and cotton threads).

To increase the competitiveness of their products, a new company needs to maintain prices at the market average and lower, monitor and constantly improve the quality of its products, carefully selecting suppliers and contractors, expand its assortment and take part in Russian and international specialized exhibitions.

Sysoeva Lilia

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See also: video about yarn production